Disaster management aims to reduce, or avoid, the potential losses from hazards, assure prompt and appropriate assistance to victims of disaster, and achieve rapid and effective recovery.

  • Mitigation - Minimizing the effects of disaster.
    Examples: building codes and zoning; vulnerability analyses; public education.
  • Preparedness - Planning how to respond.
    Examples: preparedness plans; emergency exercises/training; warning systems.
  • Response - Efforts to minimize the hazards created by a disaster.
    Examples: search and rescue; emergency relief .
  • Recovery - Returning the community to normal.
    Examples: temporary housing; grants; medical care.