Disaster management aims to reduce, or avoid, the potential losses from hazards, assure prompt and appropriate assistance to victims of disaster, and achieve rapid and effective recovery.
- Mitigation - Minimizing the effects of disaster.
Examples: building codes and zoning; vulnerability analyses; public education.
- Preparedness - Planning how to respond.
Examples: preparedness plans; emergency exercises/training; warning systems.
- Response - Efforts to minimize the hazards created by a disaster.
Examples: search and rescue; emergency relief .
- Recovery - Returning the community to normal.
Examples: temporary housing; grants; medical care.